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WITandWISDOM(tm) - July 17, 2000

~~~~~~~ THOUGHTS:

We could never learn to be brave and patient, if there were only joy in the world. - Helen Keller

Source: Thought for Today, thoughtfortoday-subscribe@egroups.com via http://www.witandwisdom.org


William Tyndale loved to read the Bible. After studying at Oxford and Cambridge, he told one of the church leaders, "If God spare my life, ere many years I will cause a boy that driveth the plough to know more of the Scriptures than thou dost."

In 1523 he moved to London, where he made some important friends - and some notable enemies. He was busy translating the New Testament, not from Latin this time, but from the original Greek.

After almost a year in London, he moved to Hamburg, Germany. By April of 1525, the translation was ready for printing in Cologne.

But enemies followed him. One, Cochlaeus, got wind of his plans and informed the city authorities, who ordered the work stopped. Just in time, Tyndale and a helper slipped into the shop, rescued the precious manuscript and escaped by boat up the Rhine to Worms.

There another printer produced 3,000 copies. Hidden in sacks of grain and other merchandise, they were smuggled into England.

The English people rushed to purchase them. Just as eagerly, fearful church authorities rushed to burn them. Archbishop Warham ordered all destroyed. Thousands were bought and burned.

A merchant named Packington, friend to both Tyndale and bishops, was hired by the bishop of London to buy all the Bibles he could, no matter what the price, to be sent to him for burning. Packington told Tyndale, "William, I have gotten thee a merchant."

"Who? asked Tyndale.

"The bishop of London."

"He will burn them," said Tyndale.

"You're right," said Packington. "But he will pay for them first."

The deal was made. The bishop got his books, Packington got his wages, Tyndale got enough money to print a bigger, better edition. And the people of England bought up as many of the outlawed copies as they could get their hands on. Neither bribes nor burning could stop this amazing Book!

By H. M. S. Richards, Jr.

Source: Signs of the Times, Copyright (c) April 1983, Pacific Press, www.pacificpress.com/signs via http://www.witandwisdom.org

Submitted by: Dale Galusha

~~~~~~~ THIS & THAT:

This is the eighth-grade final exam from 1895 from Salina, KS. It was taken from the original document on file at the Smoky Valley Genealogical Society and Library in Salina, KS and reprinted by the Salina Journal.

8th Grade Final Exam: Salina, KS - 1895
(This is a bit long.)

(Time, one hour)
1. Give nine rules for the use of Capital Letters.
2. Name the Parts of Speech and define those that have no modifications.
3. Define Verse, Stanza and Paragraph.
4. What are the Principal Parts of a verb? Give Principal Parts of do, lie, lay and run.
5. Define Case, Illustrate each Case.
6. What is Punctuation? Give rules for principal marks of Punctuation.
7.- 10. Write a composition of about 150 words and show therein that you understand the practical use of the rules of grammar.

(Time, 1.25 hours)
1. Name and define the Fundamental Rules of Arithmetic.
2. A wagon box is 2 ft. deep, 10 feet long, and 3 ft. wide. How many bushels of wheat will it hold?
3. If a load of wheat weighs 3942 lbs., what is it worth at 50 cts. per bu., deducting 1050 lbs. for tare?
4. District No. 33 has a valuation of $35,000. What is the necessary levy to carry on a school seven months at $50 per month, and have $104 for incidentals?
5. Find cost of 6720 lbs. coal at $6.00 per ton.
6. Find the interest of $512.60 for 8 months and 18 days at 7 percent.
7. What is the cost of 40 boards 12 inches wide and 16 ft. long at $20 per m?
8. Find bank discount on $300 for 90 days (no grace) at 10 percent.
9. What is the cost of a square farm at $15 per acre, the distance around which is 640 rods?
10. Write a Bank Check, a Promissory Note, and a Receipt.

(Time, 45 minutes)
1. Give the epochs into which U.S. History is divided.
2. Give an account of the discovery of America by Columbus.
3. Relate the causes and results of the Revolutionary War.
4. Show the territorial growth of the United States.
5. Tell what you can of the history of Kansas.
6. Describe three of the most prominent battles of the Rebellion.
7. Who were the following: Morse, Whitney, Fulton, Bell, Lincoln, Penn, and Howe?
8. Name events connected with the following dates: 1607, 1620, 1800, 1849, and 1865?

(Time, one hour)
1. What is meant by the following: Alphabet, phonetic orthography, etymology, syllabication?
2. What are elementary sounds? How classified?
3. What are the following, and give examples of each: Trigraph, subvocals, diphthong, cognate letters, linguals?
4. Give four substitutes for caret 'u'.
5. Give two rules for spelling words with final 'e'. Name two exceptions under each rule.
6. Give two uses of silent letters in spelling. Illustrate each.
7. Define the following prefixes and use in connection with a word: Bi, dis, mis, pre, semi, post, non, inter, mono, super.
8. Mark diacritically and divide into syllables the following, and name the sign that indicates the sound: Card, ball, mercy, sir, odd, cell, rise, blood, fare, last.
9. Use the following correctly in sentences, Cite, site, sight, fane, fain, feign, vane, vain, vein, raze, raise, rays.
10. Write 10 words frequently mispronounced and indicate pronunciation by use of diacritical marks and by syllabication.

(Time, one hour)
1. What is climate? Upon what does climate depend?
2. How do you account for the extremes of climate in Kansas?
3. Of what use are rivers? Of what use is the ocean?
4. Describe the mountains of N.A.
5. Name and describe the following: Monrovia, Odessa, Denver, Manitoba, Hecla, Yukon, St. Helena, Juan Fermandez, Aspinwall and Orinoco.
6. Name and locate the principal trade centers of the U.S.
7. Name all the republics of Europe and give capital of each.
8. Why is the Atlantic Coast colder than the Pacific in the same latitude?
9. Describe the process by which the water of the ocean returns to the sources of rivers.
10. Describe the movements of the earth. Give inclination of the earth.

From: http://www.smart.net/~kaz/test.html via http://www.witandwisdom.org

Submitted by: Wing Noell


Sunday dinner with my mother Adah, my father Fred, and my three siblings was always lively.

On one occasion all of us, except my mother were in a silly mood and we began requesting, in rhyme, items at the table.

"Please pass the meat, Pete."

"May I have a potatah, Adah."

"I'd give you the moon for a spoon."

After several minutes of this, my mother had heard enough.

"Stop this nonsense now!" she shouted.

"It's Sunday, and I would like to enjoy my dinner with some good conversation, and not all this chatter."

Then she sat down, still in a huff, turned to my father and snapped,

"Pass the bread, Fred."

Source: Kitty's Daily Mews, Copyright (c) 1997-2000 All rights reserved worldwide, kittysdailymews- subscribe@topica.com via http://www.witandwisdom.org

~~~~~~~ TRIVIA:

When so much information became available over the Internet, people predicted that libraries would become superfluous. But library visits now far exceed annual attendance at sporting events, concerts, and museums combined. Computers have attracted all kinds of people who had never been in libraries before.

From: U.S. News & World Report

Source: Signs of the Times, Copyright (c) March 2000, Pacific Press, www.pacificpress.com/signs via http://www.witandwisdom.org

WITandWISDOM™ Copyright © 1998-2000 by Richard G. Wimer - All Rights Reserved
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